Robot Structural Analysis Professional is structural load analysis software that verifies code compliance and uses BIM-integrated workflows to exchange data with Revit. It can help you to create more resilient, constructible designs that are accurate, coordinated, and connected to BIM.
CE 458 Computational Structural Analysis Units: 4Terms Offered: SpComputerized structural analysis; displacement method; force method; large scale structural systems; static analyses; structural dynamics of systems; earthquake engineering; nonlinear analysis; elastic stability and buckling. Prerequisite: CE 358L Instruction Mode: Lecture, Lab Grading Option: Letter
The catenary parameter is stabilized around the emergence stage of LRP development, in which the RAM is established in preparation for successive cell proliferation to extend LRs (Fig. 4A-C; Fig. S1B,C; Goh et al., 2016; von Wangenheim et al., 2016), and further maintained in the matured LRs (Fig. 3B). Interestingly, previously reported growth simulations based on LR and PR cell geometries predicted that a localized and uniform occurrence of anisotropic tissue growth at the RAM was required for maintaining organ outline morphology, as well as the cellular organization (Hejnowicz, 1984; Nakielski and Lipowczan, 2013; Szymanowska-Pułka et al., 2012), and the cellular geometry within the root tip of the embryo is the mechanical constraint on tissue growth (Bassel et al., 2014). We hypothesized that the tissue growth rules of RAM might fulfill the developmental constraint for catenary-shaped dome formation through anisotropic growth via oriented cell divisions and expansion, and for maintaining a largely constant width. Furthermore, the structural feature of RAM is essentially conserved across vascular plants under the control of shared regulatory mechanisms (Huang and Schiefelbein, 2015). Therefore, it will be interesting to study in future whether (1) the localized and (2) spatially uniform occurrence of anisotropic tissue growth are shared constraints for the maintenance of a catenary curve across the root classes and species. Underpinning of the constraints by the cell wall extensibility and the turgor pressure of individual cells may be also predicted in future, if the formulation proposed by Lockhart (1965) and the elasto-plastic cell deformation (Geitmann and Ortega, 2009; Ortega, 1985) are to be incorporated into the present vertex model. 153554b96e